The Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM) is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India. Since its establishment in 1978, the CCRUM as the apex government organization for research in Unani Medicine has been engaged in conducting scientific research on the applied as well as fundamental aspects of Unani system of medicine. Consequently, over the past four decades of its existence, the Council has made significant strides in clinical research, drug standardization, survey and cultivation of medicinal plants, and literary research. Besides, research-oriented health extension services, and information, education and communication (IEC) activities have also been part of the Council’s programmes. With the efforts of over 300 scientists and technical manpower at its 23 research centres spread across the country, the Council has won appreciation from various quarters for its patents which are eight in number, innovative research outcomes, and scientific publications.
The Council under its clinical research programme has so far conducted studies on a number of investigational drugs besides validating several pharmacopoeial formulations in different disease conditions at its research centres and in collaboration with other scientific institutions.
The Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine (CRIUM), Hyderabad is the most celebrated institute of the Council which has earned fame for treatment of vitiligo (Baraṣ) and other chronic and stubborn diseases. The CRIUM, Lucknow has attained good repute for research and development of treatment for musculoskeletal disorders. The Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine (RRIUM), Chennai is the major research centre known for treatment of infective hepatitis and other chronic liver diseases. The RRIUM, Bhadrak has developed safe and effective treatment of filariasis (Dā’ al-Fīl). The RRIUM, Srinagar has conducted research on respiratory disorders and has been awarded a patent for development of drug for bronchial asthma. The scientific institutions that collaborate with CCRUM include Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute (VPCI), Lady Harding Medical College, Deccan Medical College, Jamia Hamdard, Institute of Integrated Medicine (IIIM), Jamia Millia Islamia and Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Ajmal Khan Tibbiya College, Aligarh Muslim University.
In the area of drug standardization, the Council has developed pharmacopoeial standards for 298 single drugs and 100 compound formulations which have been published in Unani pharmacopoeia of India. Besides, six volumes of National Formulary of Unani Medicine have also been revisited recently for bringing out their revised addition.
In the area of survey and cultivation of medicinal plants, ethnobotanical surveys have been conducted in different forest areas of 11 states collecting over 1.05 lakhs specimens of medicinal plants. Besides, 12888 medicinal folk claims have also been collected. Experimental and field scale cultivation of some important medicinal plants used in the Unani system of medicine has also been undertaken.
Under the literary research programme, translation of over 56 classical books have been translated into Urdu and other languages and published. Besides, reprinting of out of print 72 classical books had also been undertaken.
The Council has successfully organized over 40 scientific seminars, 50 workshops and two international events to deliberate technical and scientific issues. The CCRUM scientists have the credit of publishing hundreds of research papers in various reputed national and international scientific journals. Besides over 1400 research papers have also been presented in different national and international seminars, conferences and workshops.
The outreach activity among the masses is benefiting over 5 lakhs patients annually. The Council is actively participating in the Swasthya Rakshan Programme through its 12 clinical centres and working on integration of Unani Medicine in National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS) in Lakhimpur Kheri (UP). The Council has also started MD and PhD programmes in Unani Medicine to create research personnel for the future.
The Council has been working and intends to continue its efforts for opening new possibilities and opportunities to deal with persistent and emerging medical and health problems of our countrymen particularly in the areas of communicable and non-communicable diseases. With the available state of the art infrastructure at its units, the Council is marching ahead to explore the hidden potentials of Unani system of medicine for benefitting the masses around the globe.